Creation and Chaos: A Reconsideration of Hermann Gunkel's Chaoskampf Hypothesis

Frontmatter -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- Abbreviations -- Part 1. Creation and Chaos -- From Hesiod’s Abyss to Ovid’s rudis indigestaque moles Chaos and Cosmos in the Babylonian “Epic of Creation” -- On the Theogonies of Hesiod and the Hurrians An Exploration of the Dual Natures of Tešš...

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Contributors: Averbeck, Richard E (Contributor) ; Batto, Bernard F (Contributor) ; Beal, Richard H (Editor) ; Benz, Brendon C (Contributor) ; Campbell, Dennis R. M (Contributor) ; Feinman, Peter (Contributor) ; Frayne, Douglas (Contributor) ; Gilan, Amir (Contributor) ; Lambert, W. G (Contributor) ; Lundström, Steven (Contributor) ; Melvin, David (Contributor) ; Miller Ii, Robert D (Contributor) ; Pitard, Wayne T (Contributor) ; Scurlock, JoAnn (Contributor, Editor) ; Sonik, Karen (Contributor) ; Tugendhaft, Aaron (Contributor) ; Töyräänvuori, Joanna (Contributor)
Format: Electronic Book
Language:English
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Published: University Park, PA Penn State University Press [2021]
In:Year: 2021
Further subjects:B Mythology, Middle Eastern
B Monsters (Middle East)
B Religion And Politics History To 1500 Middle East Middle East
B Creation Mythology Middle East
B Religion And Politics (Middle East) History To 1500
B Monsters Middle East
B Creation Mythology (Middle East)
B Ancient / Generals / HISTORY
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Summary:Frontmatter -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- Abbreviations -- Part 1. Creation and Chaos -- From Hesiod’s Abyss to Ovid’s rudis indigestaque moles Chaos and Cosmos in the Babylonian “Epic of Creation” -- On the Theogonies of Hesiod and the Hurrians An Exploration of the Dual Natures of Teššub and Kumarbi -- Creation in the Bible and the Ancient Near East -- Searching for Meaning in Genesis 1:2 Purposeful Creation out of Chaos without Kampf -- Part 2. Monster-Bas hing Myths -- The Fifth Day of Creation in Ancient Syrian and Neo-Hittite Art -- Once upon a Time in Kiškiluša The Dragon-Slayer Myth in Central Anatolia -- The Northwest Semitic Conflict Myth and Egyptian Sources from the Middle and New Kingdoms -- Yamm as the Personification of Chaos? A Linguistic and Literary Argument for a Case of Mistaken Identity -- Part 3. Gunkel and His Times -- Chaos and Creation Hermann Gunkel between Establishing the “History of Religions School,” Acknowledging Assyriology, and Defending the Faith -- Where Is Eden? An Analysis of Some of the Mesopotamian Motifs in Primeval J -- Babel-Bible-Baal -- Part 4. Power and Politics -- The Combat Myth as a Succession Story at Ugarit -- What Are the Nations Doing in the Chaoskampf? -- Part 5. Kampf and Chao -- The Combat Myth in Israelite Tradition Revisited -- The Three “Daughters” of Baʿal and Transformations of Chaoskampf in the Early Chapters of Genesis -- Part 6. Chaos and (Re)Creation -- Chaoskampf Lost—Chaoskampf Regained The Gunkel Hypothesis Revisited -- Making All Things New (Again) Zephaniah’s Eschatological Vision of a Return to Primeval Time -- Index of Authors -- Index of Scripture -- Index of Subjects -- Index of Ancient Texts and Objects -- Index of Words
Hermann Gunkel was a scholar in the generation of the origins of Assyriology, the spectacular discovery by George Smith of fragments of the “Chaldean Genesis,” and the Babel-Bibel debate. Gunkel’s thesis, inspired by materials supplied to him by the Assyriologist Heinrich Zimmern, was to take the Chaoskampf motif of Revelation as an event that would not only occur at the end of the world but had already happened at the beginning, before Creation. In other words, in this theory, one imagines God in Genesis 1 as first having battled Rahab, Leviathan, and Yam (the forces of Chaos) in a grand battle, and only then beginning to create.The problem with Gunkel’s theory is that it did not simply identify common elements in the mythologies of the ancient Near East but imposed upon them a structure dictating the relationships between the elements, a structure that was based on inadequate knowledge and a forced interpretation of his sources. On the other hand, one is not entitled to insist that there was no cultural conversation among peoples who spent the better part of several millennia trading with, fighting, and conquering one another.Creation and Chaos attempts to address some of these issues. The contributions are organized into five sections that address various aspects of the issues raised by Gunekl’s theories
Format:Mode of access: Internet via World Wide Web.
ISBN:1575068656
Access:Restricted Access
Persistent identifiers:DOI: 10.1515/9781575068657